'The INVASIONS OF ENGLAND And IRELAND With al their Civill Wars Since the Conquest' by John Speed c.1676
An interesting and decorative 17th century map of England & Wales and Ireland -- displaying all the major battles and invasions from the Norman Conquest to the Spanish Armada -- which was engraved by Cornelius Danckerts and published in John Speed's Theatre of the Empire of Great Britaine (London: Bassett & Chiswell, 1676). The original pages of text relating to the map are included with the purchase.
This much sought after map, first published in 1627, was based on a manuscript drawn by Speed in c.1601. As well as showing all the key battles since the Norman Conquest (including Hastings in 1066, Bosworth Field in 1485 and Flodden in 1513), the map makes reference to the attempted invasions, most notably, the Spanish Armada which is depicted in its crescent formation in the English Channel.
John Speed (1552-1629) was born in the Cheshire village of Farndon and from his youth pursued his father's profession of tailoring. He later moved to London to continue this trade, though Speed's real passions lay elsewhere, namely in the fields of antiquity and cartography. He joined the Society of Antiquaries where his enthusiasm soon attracted the attention of notables such as William Camden and Sir Fulke Greville. In 1596 Greville provided Speed with a full time allowance to write a 'Historie of Great Britaine'. It was during this project that Speed decided to add a cartographic supplement to the work and it was from this that his famous atlas, 'The Theatre of the Empire of Great Britaine', was born.
When published in 1611/12, his atlas was an immediate success, outdoing the one established by Christopher Saxton in 1579. There were a number reasons for this: Speed's atlas showed each county separately with its hundreds, was resplendent with heraldic shields but most significantly had one or two town plans. Displayed from a bird's eye view perspective, many of the towns were surveyed by Speed himself using a distinct 'scale of paces' and are the earliest known plans of these places. The aesthetic beauty of the maps were also down to the Dutch engraver, Jodocus Hondius, whose fine calligraphy and decorative strapwork are a feature throughout.
Speed's legacy was to live on long after his passing, the Theatre itself was published in many editions until 1676. The maps were then re-published in the early 18th Century by John & Henry Overton and then finally in the 1780s by Dicey & co. giving them a life of 170 years.
- This is an original copperplate engraving with later hand colour.
- Printed area is approximately 52cms by 38cms.
- The map is in very good condition with adequate margins; centre fold, as issued. Click on image for a better view.
- Click on 'Delivery Policy' for postage costs.
- Guaranteed to be over 340 years old.