'OXONIUM' (Oxford) / 'VINDESORIUM' (Windsor Castle) by G. Hoefnagel / Braun & Hogenberg c.1575 (or slightly later)
A very attractive late 16th century engraved view of the City of Oxford / Windsor Castle which was based on the illustations by Georg Hoefnagel and published in Volume II of Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg's Civitatus Orbis Terrarum (Cologne: 1575 [Latin Text]). This is the earliest known printed / engraved view of Oxford.
'Civitates Orbis Terrarum' ('Atlas of the Cities of the World') was one of the greatest atlases of the 16th century. First published in 1572, it was the work of the publisher Georg Braun and the engraver Frans Hogenberg who together sought to produce detailed plans of all the major cities in Europe and the World. Inspired by Abraham Ortelius's great World atlas, 'Theatrum Orbis Terrarum', (for which Hogenberg had worked on), both men obtained from sources throughout Europe manuscript plans of any cities available. Where plans couldn't be found, prospect views from artists, most notably Georg Hoefnagel (1642-1601), were used. A second volume was published in 1575 (which included Cambridge and Oxford / Windsor Castle) with a third in 1581, a fourth in 1588, a fifth in 1598 and finally a sixth in 1617. In all, a total of 546 places were depicted in either plan or prospect. As well as being an invaluable insight in to how these cities appeared, each plan / prospect was adorned with the appearence of the local populace in their regional dress.
- This is an original copperplate engraving with later hand colour.
- Printed area is approximately 48cms by 35.8cms.
- The map is in very good condition with decent margins; centre fold, as issued. There is some slight age toning and a couple of minor repaired splits in the 'Windsor Castle' section. Click on image for better view.
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- Guaranteed to be over 400 years old.